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", Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: "Ear Infections. This bacterial diseases list bacterium can also get transferred from infected animals to other animal products. They also help with immunity, making the body less hospitable to bad bacteria and other harmful pathogens. ", Alberts, B., et al: "Molecular Biology of the Cell. Bacteria are the most common causes of UTIs, especially in the urethra and bladder. Jump to navigation Jump to search. The vast majority of bacteria are harmless to people and some strains are even beneficial. A bacterial infection can also spread throughout the blood, causing a condition described as sepsis. / List of Common Infectious Diseases Bacterial, fungal, parasitic, prion, and viral infectious diseases are listed, and hereby discussed briefly, in this article. ", Office on Women’s Health: "Urinary Tract Infection Fact Sheet. Urinary tract infections; Inappropriate use of antibiotics has helped create bacterial diseases that are resistant to treatment with different types of antibiotic medications. Raw meat, fish, eggs, poultry, and unpasteurized dairy products may harbor harmful bacteria that can cause illness. When the ba… Most bacterial infections are caused by Staphylococcus aureus (staph) or Streptococcus pyogenes (the same bacteria responsible for strep throat).. A bacterial infection can take many different forms depending on its location, type, even the age of the affected individual. Diphtheria 3. For language access assistance, contact the NCATS Public Information Officer. Septicemia is life-threatening and may lead to shock, coma, organ failure and death. Bacteria and viruses are different types of pathogens, organisms that can cause disease. Some examples of viral infections include: influenza ( the flu) common cold. A nonillion is a … These one-cell organisms are responsible for illnesses such as strep throat, urinary tract infections and tuberculosis. Parasites. Diphtheria 3. More serious symptoms include bloody diarrhea, fever and long-lasting diarrhea or vomiting. The word "bacteria" has a negative connotation, but bacteria actually perform many vital functions for organisms and in the environment. The following is a comprehensive list of 25 of the most common bacteria and viruses causing HAIs: ... pneumonia and surgical site infections. 4. Sometimes the symptoms of the two can be very similar. All conditions Anthrax Prophylaxis Cholera Prophylaxis Haemophilus influenzae Prophylaxis Meningitis, Meningococcal Meningococcal Meningitis Prophylaxis Plague Prophylaxis Pneumococcal Disease Prophylaxis Tetanus Prophylaxis Tuberculosis, Prophylaxis Typhoid Prophylaxis. Here presented the list of diseases caused by bacteria and viruses in humans Infection is a successful invasion of pathogenic micro-organisms including bacteria, viruses, fungi and algae. Bacteria can survive in any environment from extreme heat to extreme cold and even radioactive waste. ", Todar’s Online Textbook of Bacteriology: "The Normal Bacterial Flora of Humans. When you take antibiotics, follow the directions carefully. Instead, treatment usually focuses on managing symptoms and supporting … polio. ", American Family Physician: "Common Bacterial Skin Infections", American Society for Microbiology - Microbe World: "Bacteria. Antibiotics are the usual treatment. Pneumonia, meningitis, and food poisoning are just a few illnesses that may be caused by harmful bacteria. Bacteria are small single celled organisms & are amongst the most successful life forms on planet. For example, runny nose, cough, headache, and fatigue can occur with the common cold (virus) and with a sinus infection (bacteria). 10. The CDC estimates 14,000 deaths alone are due to Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) infections that occur because of antibiotic suppression of other bacteria allow C. difficile to proliferate. Bacteria can infect any area of the body, including the skin, bladder, lungs, intestines, brain, and more. Although, there are large number of antibiotics that can be used to treat Anthrax disease but its major requirement is quick action for treatment. Action Bioscience: "Bacteria - More Than Pathogens. Urinary tract infections (UTIs) include infections of the urethra, bladder, and kidneys, and are common causes of urethritis, cystitis, pyelonephritis, and glomerulonephritis. Tetanus 7. Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS) CDC. Understand the symptoms, causes and treatments of various infections like MRSA, staph and urinary tract infections. It depends on the location of the site of the initial infection. All rights reserved. Cholera 4. Cystitis. Beneficial bacteria live in the human gastrointestinal (GI) tract and play an important role in digestion and immunity. Infectious diseases can be caused by: 1. ", Cochrane Summaries: "The Use of Probiotics to Prevent C. Difficile Diarrhea Associated with Antibiotic Use. 10. AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome), Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, Epstein–Barr virus infectious mononucleosis, Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus, Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy, Red Book: 2009 Report of the Committee on Infectious Diseases, Extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type, Trichophyton interdigitale/mentagrophytes, Template:Tick and mite-borne diseases and infestations, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_infectious_diseases&oldid=985288538, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, unknown; evidence supports that it is infectious, (New) Variant Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease (vCJD, nvCJD). Pulmonary Tuberculosis 2. Viruses are much smaller than bacteria and cannot reproduce on their own. ", National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse: "Irritable Bowel Syndrome. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. Secondary infections occur when someone is in a weakened or compromised state due to an existing illness. They may also reduce the risk of developing diarrheal illness due to antibiotic use. Also known as whooping cough, pertussis is a bacterial infection of the respiratory tract caused by the bacterium Bordetella pertussis. Here we provide you the list of top 10 most dangerous bacterial infections, read this article and know about these diseases. Gram staining, bacterial culture with antibiotic sensitivity determination, and other tests like genetic analysis are used to identify bacterial strains and help determine the appropriate course of treatment. An infectious … Treatment of such types of infections depend upon the type of causative agent. They reproduce quickly in your body. Bacteria are larger than viruses and are capable of reproducing on their own. Experts estimate that there are at least 1 nonillion bacteria on Earth. Here we provide you the list of top 10 most dangerous bacterial infections, read this article and know about these diseases. In the human gastrointestinal tract, good bacteria aid in digestion and produce vitamins. They work by disrupting the processes necessary for bacterial cell growth and proliferation. It's important to take antibiotics exactly as prescribed. Bacteria that cause food poisoning include: Many sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are caused by harmful bacteria. The Black Plague Common bacterial infections of the skin and deep tissue, which are often caused by Staphylococcus or Streptococcus, include: Impetigo, which affects the top layer of skin (the epidermis). This bacterial diseases list bacterium can also get transferred from infected animals to other animal products. Intestinal bacterial infections are most often caused by one of several possible bacteria. Other types of fungi can infect your lungs or nervous system. If you have problems viewing PDF files, download the latest version of Adobe Reader. This is a list of the largest known epidemics (including pandemics) caused by an infectious disease.Widespread non-communicable diseases such as cardiovascular disease and cancer are not included.. An epidemic is the rapid spread of disease to a large number of people in a given population within a short period of time. Otherwise, they can't survive. ", The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: "Probiotics for Treating Acute Infectious Diarrhea. 11. Fungi. Most human infections in world today are either caused by viruses or bacteria. Drug Name. Antibiotics don't treat viruses, but they're sometimes prescribed in viral illnesses to help prevent a "secondary bacterial infection." Common bacterial causes include meningococcus, pneumococcus and streptococcus. A virus is micro organism, it is usually very difficult to kill. 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