In Morocco's first constitution of 1963, Hassan II reaffirmed Morocco's choice of a multi-party political system, the only one in the Maghreb at that time. Mohammed V and his family returned from exile on 16 November 1955. Hassan was proclaimed Crown Prince on 19 July 1957, and became King on 26 February 1961, after his father's death. The constitution gave the King large powers he eventually used to strengthen his rule, which provoked strong political protest from the UNFP and the Istiqlal parties that formed the backbone of the opposition. Since then, Morocco's human rights record has improved modestly, and improved significantly following the death of Hassan II. Prince Moulay Hassan participated in the February 1956 negotiations for Morocco's independence with his father, who later appointed him Chief of Staff of the newly founded Royal Armed Forces in April 1956. 555,62 € inkl. 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A national funeral service was held for him in Rabat, with over 40 heads of state in attendance, notably UN Secretary General Kofi Annan, American President Bill Clinton and French President Jacques Chirac.  The Moroccanization of the economy affected thousands of businesses and the proportion of industrial businesses in Morocco that were Moroccan-owned immediately increased from 18% to 55%.  This information was instrumental in Israel's victory in the Six-Day War. Une femme de 80 ans de Keller et un homme de 70 ans de Fort Worth sont morts. EcoTank ET-4750 Drucken ohne Patronen. The first, on 10 July 1971, was a coup d'état attempt allegedly supported by Libya, organized by General Mohamed Medbouh and Colonel M'hamed Ababou and carried out by cadets during a diplomatic function at the King's summer palace in Rabat during his forty-second birthday party. A US report observed that "Hassan appears obsessed with the preservation of his power rather than with its application toward the resolution of Morocco's multiplying domestic problems. He made his professional debut with Châteauroux in a 0–0 Ligue 2 tie with Paris FC on 19 October 2018. International career. The country would only become more democratic by the early 1990s amid strong international pressure and condemnation over the nation's human rights record. He was buried in the Mausoleum of Mohammed V. The coffin of Hassan II, carried by King Mohammed VI, his brother Prince Moulay Rachid and his cousin Moulay Hicham, was covered with a green fabric, in which the first prayer of Islam, "There is no god but God", is inscribed in golden writing.. Relations with Mauritania were tense too, as Morocco only recognized it as a sovereign country in 1969, nearly a decade after Mauritania's independence, because of Moroccan claims on the country (see Great Morocco). , In the Cold War era, Hassan II allied Morocco with the West generally, and with the United States in particular. Informationen über Komponisten und ihre Werke und alles was sonst zum Bereich klassische Musik gehört - Seiten zu Klassik It was subsequently claimed by the Moroccan authorities that the young cadets had been misled by senior officers into thinking that they were acting to protect the king. A national funeral service was held for him in Rabat, with over 40 heads of state in attendance, notably UN Secretary General Kofi Annan, American President Bill Clinton and French President Jacques Chirac. Eight people were killed when the jets strafed the awaiting reception dignitaries.  Allegedly, the King himself hurried to the cockpit, took control of the radio and shouted: "Stop firing you fools, the Tyrant is dead!" During this time, Morocco was one of the most repressive and undemocratic nations in the world. Relations with Algeria have deteriorated sharply due to the Western Sahara affair, as well as due to Moroccan claims on Algerian territory (Tindouf and Bechar), which unleashed the brief 1963 Sand War.  He set up a Royal Council for Human Rights to look into allegations of abuse by the State.  Important guests, including the Belgian Ambassador Marcel Dupert, were placed under house arrest, and the King himself was taken to a small pavilion. 3 JAHRE ERWEITERTE GARANTIE AUF DIESES PRODUKT SICHERN! According to Ronen Bergman, Mossad then supplied information leading to Mehdi Ben Barka's capture and assassination in October.. Due to the strong rebuke from other nations and human rights groups, and also because of the realistic threat of international isolation, Hassan II would then gradually democratize the nation over time. Rabat's main radio station was taken over by the rebels and broadcast propaganda stating that the King had been murdered and a republic founded. MwSt. … Hassan was educated at the Royal Academy in Rabat, where a class created for him was instructed by a faculty including Mehdi Ben Barka. Hassan's rule, one characterized by a poor human rights record that was labelled as "appalling" and perhaps one of the worst in Africa. King Hassan II had extended many parliamentary functions by the early 1990s and released hundreds of political prisoners in 1991, and allowed the Alternance, where the opposition assumed power, for the first time in the Arab World. ", In October 1965, Mehdi Ben Barka was kidnapped in Paris and secretly murdered by Mohamed Oufkir.. The father of Hassan II was Mohammed V of Morocco and his mother was Lalla Abla bint Tahar.  strengthened the Alaouite dynasty. He is a youth international for France. The coup ended the same day when royalist troops took over the palace in combat against the rebels. This caused severe discontent among the opposition, and protest demonstrations and riots challenged the King's rule. His body, however, was found with several bullet wounds. They had no children. Hassan signed his first professional contract with Châteauroux on 1 June 2018 at the age of 16. , According to Shlomo Gazit of Israeli intelligence, Hassan II invited Mossad and Shin Bet agents to bug the Casablanca hotel where the Arab League Summit of September 1965 would be held to record the conversations of the Arab leaders. The latter issue continues to dominate Moroccan foreign policy to this day. Es gelten Teilnahmebedingungen. , Hassan was born in Paris, France to an Egyptian father and Tunisian mother. In 1985, Hassan II suspended Morocco's membership of the Organization of African Unity and enters into conflict with Burkinabe President Thomas Sankara because of his decision to recognize the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic.  He made his professional debut with Châteauroux in a 0–0 Ligue 2 tie with Paris FC on 19 October 2018. Haissem Hassan (born 8 February 2002) is a French professional footballer who plays as a forward for Villarreal B. Hassan signed his first professional contract with Châteauroux on 1 June 2018 at the age of 16. In the early 1970s, King Hassan survived two assassination attempts. Student protests that took place 21 March 1965 in Casablanca, and devolved into general riots the following day; their violent repression caused many casualties.  Hassan then earned a law degree from the University of Bordeaux. , "Info FM : à la découverte de Haissem Hassan, 16 ans et déjà professionnel à Châteauroux", "FEUILLE DE MATCH PARIS FC - CHÂTEAUROUX", "Berrichonne : Haïssem Hassan, le rêve éveillé", "Haissem Hassan (Châteauroux) offre la victoire à l'équipe de France U17 - MaLigue2", https://www.fifa.com/u17worldcup/teams/team/1888290/, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Haissem_Hassan&oldid=986865386, Articles with French-language sources (fr), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, * Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only and correct as of 24 October 2020, This page was last edited on 3 November 2020, at 13:09. ET is not static but switches between EDT and EST. He was the eldest son of Mohammed V, Sultan, then King of Morocco (1909–1961), and his second wife, Lalla Abla bint Tahar (1909–1992). Hassan was born in Paris, France to an Egyptian father and Tunisian mother. He was a member of the Alaouite dynasty. He had five sisters and one brother: "Hasan II" and "Hassan II" redirect here. Hassan died of pneumonia and other health consequences in his birth town at the age of 70 on 23 July 1999. Hassan died of pneumonia and other health consequences in his birth town at the age of 70 on 23 July 1999. Morocco's human rights record was extremely poor during the period from the 1960s to the late 1980s, which was labelled as the "years of lead" and saw thousands of dissidents jailed, killed, exiled or forcibly disappeared. (478,98 € exkl. Mirabeau meurt à Paris, le 2 avril 1791.La nuit à la lueur des flambeaux, son corps est porté au Panthéon, à travers le vieux Paris, aux sons formidables et inconnus d'instruments de musique imaginés par François-Joseph Gossec.L'édifice n'étant pas encore adapté à sa nouvelle destination, le cercueil est en fait déposé dans un caveau de l'ancienne église abbatiale. There were close and continuing ties between Hassan II's government and the CIA, who helped to reorganize Morocco's security forces in 1960.  General Mohamed Oufkir, Morocco's defense minister, was the man behind the coup and was officially declared to have committed suicide after the attack. ), zzgl. King Hassan II had five children with his wife Lalla Latifa Hammou, a member of the Zayane tribe, whom he married in 1961: The king had one other wife, Lalla Fatima bint Qaid Ould Hassan Amhourak (cousin of Latifa Hammou), whom he also married in 1961.  He is a youth international for France. Prince Moulay Hassan acted as his father's political advisor during the exile. On 3 March 1973, Hassan II announced the policy of Moroccanization, in which state-held assets, agricultural lands, and businesses that were more than 50 percent foreign-owned—and especially French-owned—were transferred to political loyalists and high-ranking military officers. For other uses, see, King of Morocco from 1961 until his death in 1999, الْحسْنُ الثاني بْن مُحَمَّدُ بْن يوسف بْن الْحسْنِ بْن الشَّرِيفِ بْن عَلِيُّ الْعَلَوِيِّ, Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany, "قضية المهدي بن بركة تعود للواجهة بقوة في المغرب بعد مرور نصف قرن على اختطافه", "23 مارس 1965..عندما تحولت شوارع الدار البيضاء إلى أنهار من الدماء", "هكذا وافقت السلطات المغربية على تهجير اليهود بين 1956 و1964", "Morocco tipped off Israeli intelligence, 'helped Israel win Six Day War, "Marocanisation : Un système et des échecs", "Laughter, freedom and religion in Morocco", Chairpersons of the Organisation of African Unity, Royal Advisory Council for Saharan Affairs, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hassan_II_of_Morocco&oldid=988701030, Recipients of the Civil Order of Alfonso X, the Wise, Honorary Knights Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath, Recipients of the Order of al-Hussein bin Ali, Grand Collars of the Order of Saint James of the Sword, Recipients of the Royal Order of Cambodia, Recipients of the Grand Star of the Decoration for Services to the Republic of Austria, Grand Collars of the Order of Prince Henry, Articles with dead external links from February 2019, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox royalty with unknown parameters, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2010, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 November 2020, at 19:24. Mohammed V changed the title of the Moroccan sovereign from Sultan to King in 1957.  When elections were eventually held, they were mostly rigged in favour of loyal parties. Economically, Hassan II adopted a market-based economy, where agriculture, tourism, and phosphates mining industries played a major role. Hassan was known to be one of the most severe rulers of Morocco, widely accused of authoritarian practices and of being an autocrat and a dictator, particularly during the Years of Lead. MwSt. ", Many militants of the National Union of Popular Forces were imprisoned and some party leaders sentenced to death. Forte de son histoire, l’Université Hassan II de Casablanca (UH2C), nouvellement créée en 2014, est le fruit de la fusion de l’Université Hassan II de Aïn Chok et l’Université Hassan II de Mohammedia. During Hassan II's reign, Morocco recovered the Spanish-controlled area of Ifni in 1969, and militarily seized two-thirds of Spanish Sahara through the "Green March" in 1975. Hassan II (Arabic: الْحسْنُ الثاني بْن مُحَمَّدُ بْن يوسف بْن الْحسْنِ بْن الشَّرِيفِ بْن عَلِيُّ الْعَلَوِيِّ, MSA: (a)l-ḥasan aṯ-ṯānī, Maghrebi Arabic: el-ḥasan ett(s)âni, Berber languages: ⵍⵃⴰⵙⴰⵏ ⵡⵉⵙ ⵙⵉⵏ / lḥasan wís sín); 9 July 1929 – 23 July 1999) was King of Morocco from 1961 until his death in 1999. He was exiled to Corsica by French authorities on 20 August 1953, together with his father Sultan Mohammed V. They were transferred to Madagascar in January 1954.  Hassan served as a back channel between the Arab world and Israel, facilitating early negotiations between them such as Operation Yachin to secretly migrate Moroccan Jews to Israel. Dieser EcoTank der nächsten Generation ist ein schnelles 4-in-1-Drucker mit einer 250-Blatt-Papierkassette. Letzte Aktualisierung : heute : in dieser Woche : vor einer Woche : vor zwei Wochen , In June 1965, Hassan suspended the constitution of 1962, dissolved the Parliament, declared a state of emergency, and ruled directly, although he did not completely abolish the mechanisms of parliamentary democracy. On 16 August 1972, during a second attempt, four F-5 military jets from the Royal Moroccan Air Force fired upon the King's Boeing 727 while he was travelling back to Rabat from France, many bullets hit the fuselage but they failed to bring the plane down.  2/3 of the wealth of the Moroccanized economy was concentrated in 36 Moroccan families.. In the aftermath, on 26 March, Hassan II gave a speech that he concluded with: "There is no greater danger to a country than a so-called intellectual; it would have been better if you had all been illiterate. Le comté de Tarrant a confirmé 97 nouveaux cas de COVID-19 et deux décès dimanche, un jour avant que davantage d’entreprises telles que des gymnases et des fabricants non essentiels ne devraient ouvrir dans le cadre du plan de réouverture progressive du Texas. Mit diesem Modell können Sie Ihre Tintenkosten um durchschnittlich bis zu 90 % senken 1. However, Morocco has been labelled as "partly free" by Freedom House, except in 1992 and 2014 when the country was labelled "Not free" in those years respectively. ET is also used somewhat as a de facto official time for all of the United States because it encompasses 17 U.S. states in the eastern part of the contiguous United States including the capital city Washington D.C., the most populous city New York and half of the country’s population.
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